Honda Civic/Acura Integra
since 1994 release
Repair and operation of the car
+ Cars of the Honda Civic and Acura Integra brand
+ Maintenance instruction
+ Routine maintenance
+ Cooling system and heating
+ Power supply system and release
- Engine electric equipment
Start of the engine from the auxiliary power supply
Check of a state and replacement of the battery
Check of a state and replacement of wires of the battery
System of ignition - the general information
Check of functioning of system of ignition
Check of a state and replacement of the coil of ignition
Check of serviceability of functioning and replacement of the module of management of ignition (ICM)
Removal and installation of the distributor of ignition
Check of installation and adjustment of a corner of an advancing of ignition
System of a charge - the general information and precautionary measures
Check of a condition of system of a charge
Removal and installation of the generator
Replacement of the regulator of tension and brushes of the generator
System of start - the general information and precautionary measures
Check of serviceability of functioning of a starter on the car (in situ)
Removal and installation of a starter
Removal and installation of the traction relay
+ Control systems of the engine
+ Gear shifting box
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
System of a charge – the general information and precautionary measures
The generator of alternating current which is built in it tension regulator, the charge level indicator, the rechargeable battery, a protective fusible insert and the electrical wiring connecting the listed components is among components of system of a charge. The system of a charge provides giving of electric food to system of ignition, lighting and alarm fixtures, the radio receiver and other consumers of the electric power. The generator is put in action by the belt drive from a pulley of a bent shaft and is installed in a forward part of the engine. Additional information on electric connections of components of system of a charge can be gathered from schemes of electric connections (see the Head Onboard electric equipment).
The electronic control unit (ECU), depending on the current values of input parameters (engine turns, speed of the movement of the car, temperature of cooling liquid, the number of the included consumers of the electric power and temperature of the soaked-up air), issues the command for adjustment of size of tension developed by the generator. The main task of system is minimization of load of the vehicle engine.
Problem of the regulator of tension is restriction of tension developed by the generator in the set limits. The regulator prevents the overloads of contours and the other unpleasant phenomena connected with power surges.
The system of a charge does not need regular service. Nevertheless, it is necessary to check periodically a condition of a driving belt of the generator, battery, an electrical wiring and its terminal connections (see the Head Routine maintenance).
The control lamp which is built in in an instrument guard quickly joins at turn of the ignition key in position of ON. Right after implementation of start of the engine the lamp has to go out. The refusal of a lamp of switching off testifies to malfunctions in system of a charge. On some models in an instrument guard the voltmeter allowing the driver in time to trace deviations of onboard tension from norm in addition is installed. At a release of indications of the voltmeter out of limits of admissible range it is necessary to make check of system of a charge.
The fusible insert represents the short piece of the wire placed in isolation which is built in in the main braid of an electrical wiring of a motive compartment. Total section of a vein of the conductor of an insert several times is less than at an electrical wiring of a chain in which it is included that guarantees reliable protection of the last against an overload.
When joining terminal connections of electric chains of the cars equipped with the generator of alternating current it is necessary to observe special precautionary measures:
a) At connection of an electrical wiring of the battery do not allow polarity violation to the generator at all;